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Acronyms




c

C & D

Collected and delivered

C & E

Customs & Excise

C & I

Is a quoted price includes cost of goods and insurance.

C&F

Is a quoted price includes cost of goods and freight.

C.C.E.F.

Is a Customs Centralized Examination Facility.

C.I.F.

Is a quoted price includes cost of goods, insurance and freight.

C.I.T.E.S.

Committee on International Trade of Endangered Species.

C/P

Charter party

C/V

Certificate of value

C/VO

Certificate of Value and Origin

CAA

Is the Civil Aviation Authority. Government body responsible for regulating U.K. airlines.

CAAC

Customs and Allied Affairs Committee

Cabotage

Is where cargo is carried on what is essentially a domestic flight and therefore not subject to international agreements that fix set rates. Cabotage rates are negotiable between shipper and airline and apply on flights within a country and to its overseas territories.

CAD have two meanings

CAD/CAM: Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing.
CAD: The acronym meaning "cash against documents," a method of payment for goods in which documents transferring title are given to the buyer upon payment of cash to an intermediary acting for the seller.

CAF

Currency adjustment factor: A surcharge expressed as a percentage (or subtracted) from the freight rate compensating the Line (or shipper) for a change in the exchange rates relationship between the currency of freight collected from the shippers and currency of costs incurred by the Line.

Cage

The transporting of goods by truck to or from a vessel, aircraft, or bonded warehouse, all under customs custody.

CAN

Customs Assigned Number

Cargo

Is merchandise/commodities/freight carried by means of transportation.

Cargo Receipt

Is a receipt of cargo for shipment by a consolidator (used in ocean freight).

Carnet

A customs document permitting the holder to carry or send merchandise temporarily into certain foreign countries (for display, demonstration, or similar purpose) without paying duties or posting bonds.

Carrier

Any person who undertakes to perform or precure the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway or any combination.

Carrier, Common

A public or privately owned firm or corporation that transports the goods of others over land, sea, or through the air, for a stated freight rate. By government regulation, a common carrier is required to carry all goods offered if accommodations are available and the established rate is paid.

Carriers(s) Containers or Shipper(s) Containers

The term Carrier(s) Container(s) or Shipper(s) Container(s) means containers over which the carrier or the shipper has control either by ownership or by the acquisition thereof under lease or rental from container companies or container suppliers or from similar sources. Carriers are prohibited from purchasing, leasing or renting shipper owned containers.

Cartel

Is an association of several independent national or international business organizations that regulates competition by controlling the prices, the production, or the marketing of a product or an industry.

Cash Against Documents (CAD)

Payment for goods in which a commission house, or other intermediary, transfers title documents to the buyer upon payment in cash.

Cash in Advance (C.I.A.)

Payment for goods in which the price is paid in full before shipment is made. This method is usually used only for small purchases or when the goods are built to order.

CBI

Confederation of British Industry

CC/O

Certificate of consignment/origin

CCA

Connecting carrier agreement: A contract between carriers such that line or both operators will transport a said amount of cargo on behalf of the other on the other's Bill of Lading, thus acting as a bridge for crosstraded cargoes needing a first or second leg carrier to compliment the first

CCT

Common Customs Tariff (within the EU)

CD

Customs declaration

CDV

Current domestic value

Cell Guides

Upright metal fasteners welded to the ship's deck to secure the containers for the sea journey. Containers aree secured to these sections using twist locks which act as keys bolting the container's four corners to the ship's deck and/or other containers in the stack.

Cell Guides

Upright metal fasteners welded to the ship's deck to secure the containers for the sea journey. Containers aree secured to these sections using twist locks which act as keys bolting the container's four corners to the ship's deck and/or other containers in the stack.

Certificate of Analysis

Is a certificate required by some countries as proof of the quality and composition of food products or pharmaceuticals. The required analysis may be made by a private or government health agency. The certificate must be legalized by a foreign consul of the country concerned, as is the case with such similar certificates as the phytosanitary certificate.

Certificate of Inspection

A document certifying that the goods were in apparent good condition immediately prior to shipment.

Certificate of Manufacture

A statement in which a producer specifies where his goods were manufactured, certifies that manufacturing has been completed, and confirms that the goods are at the buyer's disposal.

Certificate of Origin

A statement signed by the exporter, or his agent, and attested to by a local Chamber of Commerce, indicating that the goods being shipped, or a major percentage of them, originated and were produced in the exporter's country.

CES

Is a Customs Examination Station

CFR

Cost and Freight - One of the thirteen Incoterms and one of four 'C' terms.
The seller must clear the goods for export.
A sales term denoting that the seller is responsible for arranging and paying for the carriage of goods to the agreed port of discharge, excluding insurance costs.
CFR is used for goods that are to be carried by sea.

CFS (Container Freight Station)

The term CFS at loading port means the location designated by carriers for the receiving of cargo to be packed into containers by the carrier. At discharge ports, the term CFS means the bonded location designated by carriers in the port area for unpacking and delivery of cargo.

CFS CHARGE (Container Freight Charge)

The term CFS Charge means the charge assessed for services performed at the loading or discharging port in packing or unpacking of cargo into/from containers at CFS.

CFS Receiving Service

The term "CFS Receiving Services" means the service performed at loading port in receiving and packing cargo into containers from CFS to CY or shipside. "CFS Receiving Services" referred herein are restricted to the following

Moving empty containers from CY to CFS
Drayage of loaded containers from CFS to CY and/or ship's tackle
Tallying
Issuing dock receipt/shipping order
Physical movement of cargo into, out of and within CFS
Stuffing, sealing and marking containers
Storage
Ordinary sorting and stacking
Preparing carrier's internal container load plan

CFS/CFS (Pier to Pier)

The term CFS/CFS means cargo delivered by break-bulk to Carrier's CFS to be packed by Carrier into containers and to be unpacked by Carrier from the container at Carrier's destination port CFS.

CFS/CY (Pier to House)

The term CFS/CY means cargo delivered break-bulk to Carrier's CFS to be packed by Carrier into containers and accepted by consignee at Carrier's CY and unpacked by the consignee off Carrier's premises, all at consignee's risk and expense.

CH

Custom House

Chargeable Kilo

Rate for goods where volume exceeds six cubic metres to the tonne.

Charges forward

Charges to be paid by the buyer on arrival of the goods.

Charter

Originally meant a flight where a shipper contracted hire of an aircraft from an airline. Has usually come to mean any non-scheduled commercial service.

Charter Party

The contract between the owner of a ship and the individual or company chartering it. Among other specifications, the contract usually stipulates the exact obligations of the ship-owner (loading the goods, carrying the goods to a certain point, returning to the charterer with other goods, etc.); or it provides for an outright leasing of the vessel to the charterer, who then is responsible for his own loading and delivery. In either case, the charter party sets forth the exact conditions and requirements agreed upon by both sides.

Charter party Bill of Lading

A bill of lading issued under a charter party. It is not acceptable by banks under letters of credit unless so authorized in the credit.

Charterer

Person or company who hires a ship from a shipowner for a period of time.

Chassis

A wheel assemble including bogies constructed to accept mounting of containers.

CIA

The acronym meaning "cash in advance," a method of payment for goods whereby buyer pays seller in advance of shipment of goods.

CIF & C

Cost, Insurance, Freight & Commission

CIF & E

Cost, Insurance, Freight & Exchange

CIF & I

Cost, Insurance, Freight & Interest

CIF (cost, insurance and freight)

Seller is responsible for inland freight, ocean/air freight, and marine/air insurance to the port of final entry in the buyer's country. The buyer is responsible for inland transportation to his or her location.

CIFC & I

Cost, Insurance, Freight, Commission & Interest

CIP

Carriage and Insurance Paid To - One of the thirteen Incoterms and one of four 'C' terms.

The seller has the same obligation asunder CPT but is also responsible for contracts for insurance of goods during the carriage. The seller also pays the insurance premium.
Under CIP the seller is only required to obtain minimum insurance cover.

CITHA

Confederation of International Trading Houses Associations

Class Rates

A class of goods or commodities is a large grouping of various items under one general heading. All items in the group make up a class. The freight rates that apply to all items in the class are called class rates.

Classification

Is a customs term. The placement of an item under the correct number in the customs tariff for duty purposes. At times this procedure becomes highly complicated; it is not uncommon for importers to resort to litigation over the correct duty to be assessed by the customs on a given item.

Claused Bill of Lading

Is a bill of lading which has exemptions to the receipt of merchandise in "apparent good order" noted.

Clean Bill of Lading

Is a bill of lading which covers goods received in "apparent good order and condition" and without qualification.

Clean Draft

Is a draft to which no documents have been attached.

CLECAT

European Liaison Committee of Common Market Forwarders

cm

Centimeters

CNS

Cargo Network Services, an IATA company. See IATA.

COD

Cash on delivery, customers own delivery

Collective Paper

All documents (commercial invoices, bills of lading, etc.) submitted to a buyer for the purpose of receiving payment for a shipment.

Combi

Is an aircraft with pallet or container capacity on its main deck as well as in its belly holds.

Combination Vessels

Container/Break-bulk vessel - this type of ship accommodates both container and break-bulk cargo. It can be either self sustaining or non-self sustaining.

Combo/Combi

Combination vessel: A dry vessel designed to carry either dry bulk (grain, etc,) break bulk or containers. Such vessels are normally equipped with their own cranes.

Commercial Code

A published code designed to reduce the total number of words required in a cablegram.

Commercial Invoice

An itemized list of goods shipped, usually included among an exporter's collection papers.

Commercial Risk

Risk carried by the exporter (unless insurance is secured) that the foreign buyer may not be able to pay for goods delivered on an open account basis.

Commodity Specialist

An official authorized by the U.S. Treasury to determine proper tariff and value of imported goods.

Common Carrier

A firm or individual that transports persons or goods for compensation.

Conference

A group of vessel operators joined together for the purpose of establishing freight rates.

RoRo/Container Vessel - Ship designed to accommodate containers and roll-on roll-off cargo. It can be self sustaining.
RoRo/Container/Break-bulk Vessel - Designated to accommodate three types of cargo, usually self sustaining.

Confirmed Letter of Credit

A letter of credit, issued by a foreign bank with validity confirmed by a U.S. bank.

Confiscation

The taking and holding of private property by a government or an agency acting for a government. Compensation may or may not be given to the owner of the property.

Consignee

Person or firm to whom goods are shipped under a bill of landing.

Consignee

The individual or company to whom a seller or sipper sends merchandise and who, upon presentation of necessary documents, is recognized as merchandise owner for the purpose of declaring and paying customs duties.

Consignee Marks

A symbol laced on packages for identification purposes; generally consisting of a triangle, square, circle, diamond, cross, with letters and/or numbers as well as port of discharge.

Consignment

Is the physical transfer of goods from a seller (consignor) with whom the title remains, to another legal entity (consignee) who acts as a selling agent, selling the goods and remitting the new proceeds to the consignor.

Consignor

A term used to describe any person who consigns goods to himself or to another party in a bill of lading or equivalent document. A consignor might be the owner of the goods, or a freight forwarder who consigns goods on behalf of his principal.

Consolidated Shipment

An arrangement whereby various shippers pool their boxed goods on the same shipment, sharing the total weight charge for the shipment.

Consolidator

An agent which brings together a number of shipments for one destination to qualify for preferential airline rates.

Consortium

The name for an agreement under which several nations or nationals (usually corporations) of more than one nation, join together for a common purpose. It could be for management or exploitation of a natural resource, as in the case of some international petroleum consortiums.

Consul

A government official residing in a foreign country, charged with representing the interests of his or her country and its nationals.

Consular Declaration

A formal statement, made to the consul of a foreign country, describing goods to be shipped.

Consular Documents

Special forms signed by the consul of a country to which cargo is destined.

Consular Invoice

A document, required by some foreign countries, describing a shipment of goods and showing information such as the consignor, consignee, and value of the shipment. Certified by a consular official of the foreign country, it is used by the country's customs officials to verify the value, quantity and nature of the shipment.

Consular Invoice

A document, required by some foreign countries, describing a shipment of goods and showing information such as the consignor, consignee, and value of the shipment. Certified by consular official of the foreign, it is used by the country's customs official to verify the value, quantity, and nature of the shipment.

Container

Metal box used for the carriage of cargo. Usual dimensions 20 x 8 x 8.5ft or 40 x 8 x 8.5ft.

Container

The term container means a single rigid, non-disposable dry cargo, insulated, temperature controlled flatrack, vehicle rack portable liquid tank, or open top container without wheels or bogies attached, having not less than 350 cubic feet capacity, having a closure or permanently hinged door that allows ready access to the cargo (closure or permanently hinged door not applicable to flatrack vehicle rack or portable liquid tank). All types of containers will have constructions, fittings and fastenings able to withstand without permanent distortion, all the stresses that may be applied in normal service use of continuous transportation. All containers must bear manufacturer's specifications.

Container demurrage

Money paid by the shipper for the use of containers or other Line owned equipment beyond a specified ‘free time’ period.

Container Ship

Ocean going ship designed to carry containers both internally and on deck. Some are self sustaining.

Container vessel

Ship specially designed to carry shipping containers. The vessel often has bays into which the containers are lowered and where they are held in place by upright steel sections called cell guides. Containers are frequently carried on deck where they need to be lashed and secured.

Containerization

Is a concept for the ultimate unitizing of cargo used by both steamship lines and air cargo lines. Containers allow a greater amount of cargo protection from weather, damage, and theft.

Containers (Air Cargo)

Many types of air cargo containers are offered: The containers are designed in various sizes and irregular shapes to conform to the inside dimensions of a specific aircraft.

Containers (Ocean)

Are designed to be moved inland on its own chassis and can be loaded at the shippers plant for shipment overseas. Basic types of containers are; dry van, open top, half high, hi cube, flat rock, tank container, refrigerated container, insulated container, tilting container. Average outside dimensions are generally 20, 35, and 40 feet in length, 8 feet wide and 8 feet high standard.

Continuous Bond

Is an annual customs bond insuring compliance with all regulations and requirements.

Contract Rate

Is a charge levied by carriers selling capacity forward over a given route to a shipper of forwarder; the client is therefore assured of capacity, which must be paid for regardless of load carried.

Coordinating Committee for Export Controls (COCOM)

An informal group of 15 western countries established to prevent the export of certain strategic products to potentially hostile nations.

Correspondent Bank

A bank that, in its own country, handles the business of a foreign bank.

COU

Clip-on unit

Countertrade

Is a reciprocal trading arrangement, which includes a variety of transactions involving two or more parties.

Countervailing Duties

Is a special duties imposed on imports to offset the benefits of subsidies to producers or exporters of the exporting country.

CPT

Carriage Paid To - One of the thirteen Incoterms and one of four 'C' terms.

The seller pays the freight for the carriage of the goods to the named destination. Under CPT the seller must clear the goods for export ie obtain the export licence, pay export taxes and fees if required and furnish the buyer with the invoice and relevant documents.
CPT can be used for any mode of transport

Cranage

Charge for use of wharf crane when a ship's own appliances for loading or unloading are now used.

Credit Risk Insurance

Insurance designed to cover risks of nonpayment for delivered goods.

CRF

Clean Report of Findings, details the quality, quantity and state of goods

CRN

Customs registered number

Curl

Small nugget of dense hardwood which has a high oil content. This is used for bearings and is very rare. Sometimes used in Takaradi.

Customhouse Broker

An individual or firm licensed to enter and clear goods through Customs.

Customs Bonded Warehouse

Is a warehouse where imported goods may be stored for a total of three years without the payment of duty or taxes.

Customs Court

Is the court to which importers might appeal or protest decisions made by Customs officers.

Customs Tariff

Is a schedule of charges assessed by the federal government on imported goods.

Customs Union

Is an agreement between two or more countries in which they arrange to abolish tariffs and other import restrictions on each other's goods and establish a common tariff for the imports of all other countries.

CWE

Cleared without examination

CWO

The acronym meaning "cash with order," a method of payment for goods where cash is paid at the time of order and the transaction becomes binding on both buyer and seller.

CY (Container Yard)

The term CY means the location designated by Carrier in the port terminal area for receiving, assembling, holding, storing and delivering containers, and where containers may be picked up by shippers or re-delivered by consignees. No container yard (CY) shall be a shipper's, consignee's, NVOCC's, or a forwarder's place of business, unless otherwise provided.

CY/CFS (House to Pier)

The term CY/CFS means containers packed by shipper of carrier's premises and delivered by shipper to Carrier's CY, all at shipper's risk and expense and unpacked by Carrier at the destination port CFS.

CY/CY (House to House)

The term CY/CY means containers packed by shipper off Carrier's premises and delivered by shipper to Carrier's CY and accepted by consignee a t Carrier's CY and unpacked by consignee off Carrier's premises, all at the risk and expense of cargo.

NEWS
delta punts for lug at frankfurt lug aircargo handling has added delta air lines (dl) to its customer portfolio at frankfurt international airport swiss opens cancun office swiss worldcargo has opened a station in cancun for exports, meaning all flights between zurich and cancun can now carry freight on both their inbound and outbound journeys. cargolux renews cargo iq for three years cargolux airlines international has renewed its cargo iq certification for the next three years. the cargo iq audit ensures that the company complies with cargo iq standards and contributes to the seamless transportation of air cargo in the supply chain. qatar bolsters south american freighter network qatar airways cargo has announced a major expansion of services in south america, with scheduled services to campinas, brazil (vcp), santiago, chile (scl), lima, peru (lim) and bogotá, colombia (bog) set to join the freighter network on 16 january 2020 and will be serviced by a boeing 777 freighter. ships stuck waiting for fuel at asia hub on rule-shift snarl ship owners are waiting longer and paying more to refuel at the asian hub of singapore as the industry scrambles to prepare for the implementation of new ship-fuel rules in just a few weeks. abu dhabi to be the centre of air cargo excellence abu dhabi airports and etihad cargo will enhance abu dhabi international airport, making it a state-of-the-art global air cargo centre of excellence. court rules in favour of atlas air and against union atlas air worldwide holdings has succeeded in its legal dispute with the pilot union, ordering them to negotiate a new deal. teleport signs interline deal with lufthansa cargo airasia’s cargo and logistics platform teleport has signed a direct interline agreement with lufthansa cargo. dubai air show: delivery bot impresses at cargo connect the effect of automation, artificial intelligence and digitalisation were the key topics at the cargo connect conference at dubai airshow 2019. china airlines cargo adds mumbai to network china airlines cargo added mumbai to its network on saturday 16 november, with two services a week. cargo.one bags etihad cargo in landmark deal etihad cargo has partnered with cargo.one to augment its digitalisation strategy in a landmark distribution agreement. maersk trials containerised battery maersk is set to trial a containerized 600 kwh marine battery system in december as it looks to improve vessel performance and reliability while reducing co2 emissions. apm gothenburg targets rail doubling apm terminals gothenburg plans to double the volume of containers transported by rail to and from gothenburg by 2022. japan joins virgin australia's cargo network virgin australia will add japan to its international cargo network in march with the launch of daily services between brisbane and tokyo-haneda. issa baluch inducted into tiaca hall of fame issa baluch has been inducted into the tiaca hall of fame, in recognition for his work across the air cargo industry. etihad launches "state of the art" cargo control centre etihad cargo has taken its data-driven digitalization journey another step forward with the launch of its state-of-the-art cargo control centre (ccc) at its head office in abu dhabi. schweizerzug ramps up euro network after successfully extending services in the first half of 2019 with additional connections between switzerland and belgium, schweizerzug ag is now increasing the frequency between frenkendorf and neuss and at the same time boosts niederglatt’s links to antwerp and rotterdam. egyptair cargo to use descartes vmail egyptair cargo will use descartes velocity mail (vmail) to streamline transporting air mail across its international network. aa cargo launches first phase of new end-to-end management system american airlines cargo recently launched the first phase of its single largest investment to-date with the roll out of a new cargo end-to-end management system on october 1st. wfs moves to sustainable plastics worldwide flight services (wfs) has claimed to be the first major air cargo industry company to begin converting the majority of plastic products used in its cargo handling operations over to the bionatur™ plastics line of sustainable products manufactured by m&g packaging.