Acronyms




p

P.A.

Particular average

P.W.

Packed weight

P/L

Partial loss

Paired

Port of Arrival Immediate Release and Enforcement Determination. A U.S. Customs program that allows entry documentation for an import shipment to be filed at one location, usually an inland city, while the merchandise is cleared by Customs at the port of entry, normally a seaport. May be ineffective with certain types of high-risk cargoes, such as quota-regulated textiles or shipments from drug-production regions. Cities where there is a natural flow of cargo are actually "paired" in the program; e.g., Atlanta, an inland city, is linked with Savannah, a seaport. Tested in '87-'88, it became generally available in mid- '88.

Pallet

Load carrying platform to which loose cargo is secured before placing aboard the aircraft.

Pallet Extender

Fashionable metal or cardboard device to increase pallet capacity.

Paperless Release

Under ABI, certain commodities from low-risk countries not designated for examination may be released through an ABI-certified broker without the actual submission of documentation.

Part Charter

Where part of an airline's scheduled flight is sold as if it were a charter in its own right (Often wrongly used as a synonym for split charter).

Part Load Charter

Where a part of an aircraft's load is discharged at one destination and a part of it at another. This is distinct from a split charter where a number of consignments are carried to the same destination. Inbound, part loads are treated as single entity charters under the regulations of most countries.

Particular Average

Partial loss or damage to goods.

PBC

Produce Buying Company Limited, Ghana. Buys cocoa beans from farmers at village level and sells direct to the government at guaranteed prices.

PD

Port dues

PE

Period entry

Perils of the Sea

Most losses covered by a marine insurance policy come within the comprehensive expression "perils of the sea," which refers to damage caused by heavy weather, strandings, strikings on rocks or on bottom, collision with other vessels, contacts with floating objects, etc.

Perishables

Any cargo that loses considerable value if it is delayed in transportation (Usually refers to fresh fruit and vegetables).

Pilferage

As used in marine insurance policies, the term denotes petty thievery, the taking of small parts of a shipment, as opposed to the theft of a whole shipment or large unit. Many ordinary marine insurance policies do not cover against pilferage, and when this coverage is desired, it must be added to the policy.

Pivot Weight

That weight of a ULD above which a higher tariff applies; in effect, an incentive to maximize cargo density.

Place

A particular street address or other designation of a factory, store, warehouse, place of business, private residence, construction camp or the like, at a point.

Place of Rest

The term "Place of Rest" as used in the Containerized Cargo Rules means that location on the floor, dock, platform or doorway at the CFS to which cargo is first delivered by shipper or agent thereof.

Point

A particular city, town, village or other community or area which is treated as a unit for the application of rates.

Pontoon

This is a piece of equipment equivalent to the bottom of a container without sides. Often used for stacking parcels of sawn timber and bags of cocoa. Otherwise known as a flat or bolster

Port Authority

A government body (city, county or state) which in international shipping maintains various airports and/or ocean cargo pier facilities, transit sheds, loading equipment warehouses for air cargo, etc. Has the power to levy dockage and wharfage charges, landing fees, etc.

Port Captain

The person who plans stowage and supervises loading and discharging of vessels. Also know as a Supercargo.

Port Marks

An identifying set of letters numbers and/or geometric symbols followed by the name of the port of destination, which are placed on export

Port of Discharge

Port where vessel is off loaded and cargo discharges.

Port of Entry

A port at which foreign goods are re-admitted into the receiving country.

Port of Loading

Port where cargo is loaded aboard the vessel lashed and stowed.

Power of Attorney

A document that authorizes a customs broker to sign all customs documents on behalf of an importer.

Pre-Advice

Preliminary advice that a letter of credit has been established in the form of a brief authenticated wire message. It is not an operative instrument and is usually followed by the actual letter of credit.

Pre-Slung Cargo

Cargo shipped already in a cargo sling or net. Usually prepared and loaded at pier ready for arrival of vessel and subsequent loading (i.e. coffee in bags, coconut shells, etc).

Prepaid Freight

Generally speaking, freight charges both in ocean and air transport may be either prepaid in the currency of the country of export or they may be billed collect for payment by the consignee in his local currency. However, on shipments to some countries freight charges must be prepaid because of foreign exchange regulations of the country of import and/or rules of steamship companies or airlines.

Price Quotation/Proforma Invoice

An invoice prepared by the seller in advance of shipment that documents the cost of goods sold, freight, insurance, and other related charges. It is often used by the buyer to secure a letter of credit, an import license or a foreign currency allocation.

Prima Facie

Latin, "on first appearance." A term frequently encountered in foreign trade. When a steamship company issues a clean bill of lading, it acknowledges that the goods were received "in apparent good order and condition" and this is said by the courts to constitute prima facie evidence of the conditions of the containers; that is, if nothing to the contrary appears, it must be inferred that the cargo was in good condition when received by the carrier.

Primage

Percentage added to freight and usually returned as a deferred rebate.

Prime Entry

Statement of goods based on details included in the bill of lading.

Pro Number

A number assigned by the carrier to a single shipment, used in all cases where the shipment must be referred to. Usually assigned at once.

Proforma

When used with the title of a document, the term refers to an informal document presented in advance of the arrival, or preparation of the required document, in order to satisfy a customs requirement.

Proof of Delivery

Add-on service in express market, delivered either by phone or courier. Often offered free.

Protest

Customs form 19 allows for a refund of an overpayment of duty if filed within 90 days of liquidation.

PSD

Pre-shipment document

PSI

Pre-shipment Inspection

NEWS
dhl partners longhorn in vaccine delivery : dhl global forwarding, the air and ocean freight specialist of deutsche post dhl group, has partnered with longhorn vaccines & diagnostics to deliver much-needed covid-19 testing vials to the international organization for migration (iom) in kenya, nepal and the philippines. qatar airways appoints ecs group : as of february 21, ecs group, the leading gssa, with its established presence in the region and strong partnership with the airline in over 20 countries, is supervising the management of cargo capacity via its subsidiary globe air cargo. qatar airways appoints ecs group : as of february 21, ecs group, the leading gssa, with its established presence in the region and strong partnership with the airline in over 20 countries, is supervising the management of cargo capacity via its subsidiary globe air cargo. shell bitumen reappoints dhl : dhl supply chain has been reappointed by shell bitumen in a new five-year contract starting on 1 march 2021. shell bitumen reappoints dhl : dhl supply chain has been reappointed by shell bitumen in a new five-year contract starting on 1 march 2021. maersk sails through 2020 despite disruption : 2020 has been another year of solid progress for a.p. moller - maersk, both in terms of financial performance and in transforming the company. despite low volumes during most of 2020, profitability grew throughout the first nine months and ended the year with record q4 results in logistics and terminals, while ocean delivered an exceptional quarter driven by the increased volumes and current, temporary supply chain disruptions. port of rotterdam investigates green hydrogen : uniper and the port of rotterdam authority are investigating the possibilities of large-scale production of green hydrogen at the maasvlakte area in rotterdam. the parties have the ambition to realise a hydrogen plant on the site of uniper by 2025 with a capacity of 100mw and to expand this capacity to 500mw. the feasibility study will be completed this summer. dsv launches dsv customs classification : dsv launches a new customs classification service for international businesses called dsv customs classification. with the new service, dsv offers to perform customs classification on behalf of businesses, ensuring compliance with regulations and easing customers’ administrative hassle. qatar airways cargo to recommence middle east sales : effective 21 february 2021, qatar airways cargo will recommence cargo sales and bookings in the kingdom of saudi arabia, the united arab emirates and the arab republic of egypt with the appointment of general sales agents in these countries. unilode aviation solutions signs long-term agreement with la couverture : unilode aviation solutions, the market leader in outsourced unit load device (uld) management and repair services, and mdg group, a supplier of cold chain products and services for the food and pharmaceutical sectors, sign a long-term agreement for the repair of la couverture, a unique product developed and manufactured by mdg for the protection of temperature-sensitive products in the aviation supply chain. xpo logistics once again named a world's most admired company : xpo logistics, inc., a leading global provider of transportation and logistics solutions, has been named a world’s most admired company for 2021 by fortune magazine. xpo has been recognized by fortune as a world’s most admired company every year since 2018. turkish cargo prepares for 'cargo talks' industry discussion : turkish cargo is organizing a webinar titled “cargo talks” during which the valuable stakeholders of the air cargo industry, who finger on the pulse of the industry, will exchange opinions, and the important agenda items such as digitalization, vaccine transport, and the future of the industry will be discussed. the port of los angeles launches truck efficiency incentive : the port of los angeles is launching a new incentive program to move trucks faster and more efficiently through its terminals. ceva logistics expands south east asian reach : ceva logistics has further expanded its reach in south east asia with the opening of a new warehouse located in bien hoa city, dong nai province in vietnam. strategically located to the north east of ho chi minh city, this new facility has a range of convenient connections to the eastern economic zone as well as the city. ceva logistics expands south east asian reach ceva logistics has further expanded its reach in south east asia with the opening of a new warehouse located in bien hoa city, dong nai province in vietnam. strategically located to the north east of ho chi minh city, this new facility has a range of convenient connections to the eastern economic zone as well as the city. abu dhabi ports signs integrated maritime logistics agreement : safeen, abu dhabi ports’ maritime arm, has recently signed a historic agreement with allianz marine & logistics services (amls), to launch a new international provider of integrated maritime logistic services. qatar airways cargo announces re-wilding programme : qatar airways cargo announces chapter 2 of its sustainability programme weqare: rewild the planet. kuehne+nagel joins team malizia's sustainability and marine protection efforts : committed to marine protection and sustainable shipping, cma cgm, hapag-lloyd, msc and kuehne+nagel support the yacht racing team malizia under the motto: "a race we must win". with a strong environmental message, the partners are working for a sustainable future and contributing to ocean health by reducing worldwide co2 emissions while focusing on the main pillars: co2 reduction and transparency, science and education. port of dunkirk to rosslare increases capacity : as of wednesday 27 january, the "mv drotten", sistership of the "mv visby", will now call at the dfds seaways ro-ro terminal on the dunkerque-rosslare service (ireland). port of rotterdam sails through a rocky year : 2020 was quite a special year for the harbour master’s division of the port of rotterdam authority. covid-19 was a dominant factor in the port as well. additional corona containment measures led to an increase in work pressure.