Shipping Terms




g

Gang

A number of workmen acting together especially for loading and/or discharging operations of a vessel in combination with the necessary gear. (On a vessel for instance 6 gangs can be ordered to discharge or load.)

Gangway

Bridge laid from an opening in the railing or side of a vessel to the shore or to a platform with the purpose of giving access to and from the vessel.

Gantry Crane

A crane or hoisting machine mounted on a frame or structure spanning an intervening space, which often travels on rails.

Garments On Hangers

Clothes in containers on hangers and hung from rails during transit, reducing the handling required for the garments.

Gateway

A point at which cargo is interchanged between carriers or modes of transport. A means of access, an entry.

Gen-set

Motor generator set as power source for, e.g., thermal containers.

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

Abbreviation: GATT Major international agreement on trade and tariffs between many nations all over the world. The discussions are now held by the WTO.

General Average

Abbreviation: G/A Intentional act or sacrifice which is carried out to safeguard vessel and cargo. When a vessel is in danger, the master has the right to sacrifice property and/or to incur reasonable expenditure. Measures taken for the sole benefit of any particular interest are not considered general average.

General Average Act (York-Antwerp Rules)

There is a general average act when, and only when any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally and reasonably made or incurred for the common safety for the purpose of preserving from peril the property involved in a common maritime adventure.

General Average Statement

This shows in detail all general average costs and expenses and the contribution of each interest in the general average in proportion to its value.

General Cargo

Cargo, consisting of goods, unpacked or packed, for example in cartons, crates, bags or bales, often palletised. General cargo can be shipped either in breakbulk or containerised. Any consignment other than a consignment containing valuable cargo and charged for transport at general cargo rates (air cargo).

General Cargo Rate

Abbreviation: GCR The rate for the carriage of cargo other than a class rate or specific commodity rate (air cargo).

General Purpose Container

A container used for the carriage of general cargo without any special requirements for the transport and or the conditioning of the goods.

Germanischer Lloyd

German classification society.

Godown

A warehouse or cargo shed. This term is often used in the Far East.

Goods

Common term indicating movable property, merchandise or wares. All materials which can be used to satisfy demands. Whole or part of the cargo received from the shipper, including any equipment supplied by the shipper.

Goods Control Certificate

Document issued by a competent body evidencing the quality of goods described therein, in accordance with national or international standards, or conforming to legislation in the importing country, or as specified in the contract.

Goods Flow

The direction and path of the movement of goods and sequence of placement of those goods in a supply chain.

Goods in Transit

The goods which have departed from the initial loading point and not yet arrived at the final unloading point.

Goods Item

A separate identifiable quantity of products or articles of a single type.

Goods Receipt

Document issued by a port, warehouse, shed, or terminal operator acknowledging receipt of goods specified therein on conditions stated or referred to in the document.

Gooseneck

Gooseneck shaped front end of a trailer or chassis. Recess front bottom of a container to reduce the total height of the chassis plus container.

Green Equipment Availability

The availability of environmentally friendly equipment for transport.

Grid Number

An indication of the position of a container in a bay plan by means of a combination of page number, column and line. The page number often represents the bay number.

Gross Manifest

A manifest containing freight details without any appropriate disbursements.

Gross Tonnage

Abbreviation: GRT The measure of the overall size of a vessel determined in accordance with the provisions of the international convention on measurement of vessels usually expressed in register ton.

Gross Weight

Weight (mass) of goods including packing, but excluding the carrier's equipment expressed in whole kilograms. The weight of a shipment including materials necessary for blocking etc. (air cargo).

Gross Weight of Container

Total weight of container including cargo (in kilograms).

Groundage

Charge for permission to anchor.

Groupage

The collection of several small consignments and the formation of one large shipment thereof (road cargo).

Groupage Centre

A location where groupage activities take place (road-cargo).

Guarantee for customs

An enforceable legal instrument with which a customs administration can recover duties and taxes which become payable in the event of irregularities during a transit movement

NEWS
dhl partners longhorn in vaccine delivery : dhl global forwarding, the air and ocean freight specialist of deutsche post dhl group, has partnered with longhorn vaccines & diagnostics to deliver much-needed covid-19 testing vials to the international organization for migration (iom) in kenya, nepal and the philippines. qatar airways appoints ecs group : as of february 21, ecs group, the leading gssa, with its established presence in the region and strong partnership with the airline in over 20 countries, is supervising the management of cargo capacity via its subsidiary globe air cargo. qatar airways appoints ecs group : as of february 21, ecs group, the leading gssa, with its established presence in the region and strong partnership with the airline in over 20 countries, is supervising the management of cargo capacity via its subsidiary globe air cargo. shell bitumen reappoints dhl : dhl supply chain has been reappointed by shell bitumen in a new five-year contract starting on 1 march 2021. shell bitumen reappoints dhl : dhl supply chain has been reappointed by shell bitumen in a new five-year contract starting on 1 march 2021. maersk sails through 2020 despite disruption : 2020 has been another year of solid progress for a.p. moller - maersk, both in terms of financial performance and in transforming the company. despite low volumes during most of 2020, profitability grew throughout the first nine months and ended the year with record q4 results in logistics and terminals, while ocean delivered an exceptional quarter driven by the increased volumes and current, temporary supply chain disruptions. port of rotterdam investigates green hydrogen : uniper and the port of rotterdam authority are investigating the possibilities of large-scale production of green hydrogen at the maasvlakte area in rotterdam. the parties have the ambition to realise a hydrogen plant on the site of uniper by 2025 with a capacity of 100mw and to expand this capacity to 500mw. the feasibility study will be completed this summer. dsv launches dsv customs classification : dsv launches a new customs classification service for international businesses called dsv customs classification. with the new service, dsv offers to perform customs classification on behalf of businesses, ensuring compliance with regulations and easing customers’ administrative hassle. qatar airways cargo to recommence middle east sales : effective 21 february 2021, qatar airways cargo will recommence cargo sales and bookings in the kingdom of saudi arabia, the united arab emirates and the arab republic of egypt with the appointment of general sales agents in these countries. unilode aviation solutions signs long-term agreement with la couverture : unilode aviation solutions, the market leader in outsourced unit load device (uld) management and repair services, and mdg group, a supplier of cold chain products and services for the food and pharmaceutical sectors, sign a long-term agreement for the repair of la couverture, a unique product developed and manufactured by mdg for the protection of temperature-sensitive products in the aviation supply chain. xpo logistics once again named a world's most admired company : xpo logistics, inc., a leading global provider of transportation and logistics solutions, has been named a world’s most admired company for 2021 by fortune magazine. xpo has been recognized by fortune as a world’s most admired company every year since 2018. turkish cargo prepares for 'cargo talks' industry discussion : turkish cargo is organizing a webinar titled “cargo talks” during which the valuable stakeholders of the air cargo industry, who finger on the pulse of the industry, will exchange opinions, and the important agenda items such as digitalization, vaccine transport, and the future of the industry will be discussed. the port of los angeles launches truck efficiency incentive : the port of los angeles is launching a new incentive program to move trucks faster and more efficiently through its terminals. ceva logistics expands south east asian reach : ceva logistics has further expanded its reach in south east asia with the opening of a new warehouse located in bien hoa city, dong nai province in vietnam. strategically located to the north east of ho chi minh city, this new facility has a range of convenient connections to the eastern economic zone as well as the city. ceva logistics expands south east asian reach ceva logistics has further expanded its reach in south east asia with the opening of a new warehouse located in bien hoa city, dong nai province in vietnam. strategically located to the north east of ho chi minh city, this new facility has a range of convenient connections to the eastern economic zone as well as the city. abu dhabi ports signs integrated maritime logistics agreement : safeen, abu dhabi ports’ maritime arm, has recently signed a historic agreement with allianz marine & logistics services (amls), to launch a new international provider of integrated maritime logistic services. qatar airways cargo announces re-wilding programme : qatar airways cargo announces chapter 2 of its sustainability programme weqare: rewild the planet. kuehne+nagel joins team malizia's sustainability and marine protection efforts : committed to marine protection and sustainable shipping, cma cgm, hapag-lloyd, msc and kuehne+nagel support the yacht racing team malizia under the motto: "a race we must win". with a strong environmental message, the partners are working for a sustainable future and contributing to ocean health by reducing worldwide co2 emissions while focusing on the main pillars: co2 reduction and transparency, science and education. port of dunkirk to rosslare increases capacity : as of wednesday 27 january, the "mv drotten", sistership of the "mv visby", will now call at the dfds seaways ro-ro terminal on the dunkerque-rosslare service (ireland). port of rotterdam sails through a rocky year : 2020 was quite a special year for the harbour master’s division of the port of rotterdam authority. covid-19 was a dominant factor in the port as well. additional corona containment measures led to an increase in work pressure.