Shipping Terms




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Hague Protocol

Amendment of the Warsaw convention at The Hague, September 28, 1955 (air cargo).

Hague Rules

International convention for the unification of certain rules, relating to Bills of Lading (1924). These Rules include the description of responsibilities of Shipping Lines.

Hague-Visby Rules

Set of rules, published in 1968, amending the Hague Rules.

Half Height Container

An open top container, fitted with or without soft or hard cover, 4'3" in height.

Halyard

Light rope or tackle fitted to a staff, spar or gaff used for flying flags.

Hamburg Rules

United Nations Convention on the carriage of goods by sea of 1978 adopted in 1992.

Handling Instructions

Indication how cargo is to be handled.

Handling Service

Service concerning the physical handling of cargo.

Harbour

Place of shelter for vessels. Most of the time used as an indication for the geographical location.

Harmonized System

Abbreviation: HS It is a numeric multi purpose system, the international convention on the HS was established under auspices of the World Customs Organisation in 1983, for the classification of goods with its six digits covering about 5000 descriptions of the products or groups of products most commonly produced and traded. It is designed for customs services, but can also be used for statistics, transport purposes, export, import and manufacturing.

Hatch Cover

Watertight means of closing the hatchway of a vessel.

Hatch Way

Opening in the deck of a vessel through which cargo is loaded into, or discharged from the hold and which is closed by means of a hatch cover.

Haulage

The inland carriage of cargo or containers between named locations/points. Merchant inspired Carrier Haulage or customer nominated Carrier Haulage or shipper preferred Carrier Haulage service performed by a sub-contractor of the merchant. Carrier inspired Merchant Haulage means Haulage service performed by a sub- contractor of the Carrier

Haulier

Road carrier.

Header Board

See Bulkhead (road cargo)

Heated Container

Thermal container served by a heat producing appliance.

Heavy Lift

Single commodity exceeding the capacity of normal loading equipment and requiring special equipment and rigging methods for handling.

Heavy Lift Vessel

A vessel specially designed and equipped for the carriage of heavy cargo.

Hedging

Buying or selling earlier and more than really needed in order to protect the company against price increases or shortages of commodities or components to realise profits when prices fluctuate.

Heuristic

The process of solving problems by evaluating each step in the progress, searching for satisfactory solutions rather than optimal solutions. It comprises XE "A form of problem solving where the results are determined by ex" a form of problem solving where the results are determined by experience or intuition instead of by optimisation.

Hinterland

The inland area served by a certain port.

Hitchment Cargo

An amount of goods which is added to an original consignment as the owner and the destination are the same as those of the original consignment.

Hogged

Loading condition of a vessel in such a way that the centre of the vessel is slightly raised (arch-wise in the centre).

Hold

The space below the deck of a vessel, used to carry cargo.

Home Port

The port of registration of a vessel.

Hot Hatch

Sequenced on deck loading of containers to enable priority discharge at arrival port ż usually required for direct discharge to vehicle to meet a Just In Time delivery.

House Address

Place of receipt respectively delivery (name and address) in case of carrier haulage.

House to House Transport

The transport of cargo from the premises of the consignor to the premises of the consignee. Note: In the United States the term 'Point to Point Transport' is used instead of the term 'Door to Door Transport', because the term 'house' may mean 'customs house' or 'brokers house', which are usually located in the port.

Hub

The central transhipment point in a transport structure, serving a number of consignees and/or consignors by means of spokes. The stretches between hubs mutually are referred to as trunks.

Huckepack Carriage

See Piggyback

Hull

Outer shell of a vessel, made of steel plates or other suitable material to keep water outside the vessel.

Husbanding

Taking care of a vessel's non cargo related operations as instructed by the master or owner of such vessel.

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