Shipping Terms




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Rail Car

A wheeled wagon used for the carriage of cargo by rail.

Rail Consignment Note

A document evidencing a contract for the transport of goods by rail.

Ramp

An artificial inclined path, road or track along which wheeled vehicles, cargo and trailers may pass for the purpose of changing their elevation and facilitating the loading and unloading operation (e.g. an entrance way into a Roll-on Roll-off vessel

Ramp Handling

See Platform Handling

Rate

The price of a transport service. Quantity, amount or degree measured or applied.

Rate of Calculation

A factor for the calculation of an amount.

Rate of Turn

The figure indicating the speed of a change of course of a means of transport expressed in degrees per minute.

Rating

A class to which an article is assigned.

Re-invoicing

The procedure whereby goods shipped directly from a supplier to the customer are invoiced in two stages: at first by the supplier to an intermediary and subsequently by the intermediary to the customer.

Rebate

That part of a transport charge which the carrier agrees to return.

Receipt

A written acknowledgement, that something has been received.

Receiving Carrier

The carrier receiving a consignment on behalf of a carrier, agent or shipper for onward transport.

Receiving Stock

The stock comprising all the goods that have arrived at the door of the receiving organisation and which is not yet available in the stock of that organisation.

Reconditioning

All activities connected with restoring and or adjusting the packaging of a product. In such manner that it can be presented to the customer in the requested form.

Reconditioning of Garments

The act or process of bringing garments after transport in shop's condition.

Redelivery

Return of a shipment to the party who originally delivered it to the carrier (air cargo). Return of a charter vessel to the owners.

Reefer Cargo

Cargo requiring temperature control.

Reefer Container

A thermal container with refrigerating appliances (mechanical compressor unit, absorption unit etc.) to control the temperature of cargo.

Refund

The repayment to the purchaser of the total charge or a portion of that charge for unused carriage.

Region

Specified geographical area for operational purposes.

Register Ton

The unit of measurement for the internal capacity of a vessel whereby one register ton equals 100 cubic feet (2.83 cubic meter). The gross (bruto) tonnage comprises all spaces below the main (tonnage) deck and the enclosed spaces above the main (tonnage) deck less exempted spaces. The net tonnage consists of the gross tonnage less exemptions like ballast tanks, engine room, living quarters etc. The register tonnage is mentioned on the tonnage certificate.

Registration Authority (Key Management)

Registration Authority is used as an entry point for users to set-up links by using some existing trusted means such as registered letters of personal enrolment. This registration will also form the legal basis for the use of digital signatures by the user, if required, although this aspect in itself is not key management. Once this registration has been established, the user credentials and his public key are passed on the Certification Authority with a request for certification.

Regroupage

The process of splitting up shipments into various consignments (degroupage) and combining these small consignments into other shipments (groupage).

Rejection

Non-acceptance of e.g. cargo.

Release Order

A document issued by or on behalf of the carrier authorising the release of import cargo identified thereon and manifested under a single Bill of Lading.

Reliability of Delivery

The reliability of a supplier concerning the agreed terms of delivery with regard to the quality, quantity, delivery time, conditions and price.

Replacement

Indicating that a subject is interchangeable with another subject, but which differs physically from the original subject in that the installation of the replacement subject requires extra machining or provisions in addition to the normal application and methods of attachment.

Replenishment

Completion of stock.

Repudiation

The denial by a user of having participated in part or all of a communication.

Rerouting

The route to be followed as altered from the one originally specified in the transport document.

Reservation

Allotment in advance of space or weight capacity. Also referred to as 'booking'.

Reserve Inventory

See Safety Stock

Resources

Organisations, People or Computer systems carrying out the activities.

Responsible Carrier

The carrier liable under the terms of a consortium Bill of Lading. Carrier responsible for the transport of goods as indicated in the transport document.

Returns

Goods returned to their place of acceptance.

Revenue

Amounts of income stemming from the provision of transport services.

Reverse Distribution

The collection of used, damaged, or outdated products and/or packaging from end-users.

Rinacertificate

Certificate issued by the Italian Government for carrying dangerous goods in Italian Waters.

Road Carrier

Party undertaking transport by road of goods from one point to another such as indicated in the contract.

Road Vehicle

A means of transport capable and allowed to move over public roads and other landways.

Roll Trailer

Special trailer for terminal haulage and stowage on board of Roll-on Roll-off vessels. Also referred to as Mafi Trailer.

Roll-on Roll-off

Abbreviation: RoRo System of loading and discharging a vessel whereby the cargo is driven on and off by means of a ramp.

Rolling Resistance

The total frictional force that a tire, a set of tires or all the tires on a vehicle is developing with the road.

Rotation

Sequence in which a vessel calls at the ports on her itinerary.

Round Trip

A voyage, a journey etc. to a certain place, port or country and back again.

Route

The track along which goods are (to be) transported.

Routing

The determination of the most efficient route(s) that people, goods, materials and or means of transport have to follow. The process of determining how a shipment will be moved between consignor and consignee or between place of acceptance by the carrier and place of delivery to the consignee. The process of aiding a vessel's navigation by supplying long range weather forecasts and indicating the most economic and save sailing route.

Row

A vertical division of a vessel from starboard to portside, used as a part of the indication of a stowage place for containers. The numbers run from midships to both sides.

Rush Baggage

See Expedite Baggage

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